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Re: [CORE-Discussion] DNA Appliance

Comments (0) | Friday, March 27, 2015

Good stuff and wise words Scott, thank you.

Steve

Steven D Bender DDS
Director: North Texas Center for
Head, Face & TMJ Pain
5068 W Plano Pkwy. Ste. 100
Plano, TX, 75093
off:214-2918063
fax: 214-291-8062


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On Mar 27, 2015, at 1:02 PM, Scott Neish <f1ford50@gmail.com> wrote:

Jim et al,
I wanted to clarify a few thoughts about why I share new ideas on this forum. Earlier we as a group were trying to discern changes in occlusion  associated with OAT, TMD and trauma to better serve our patients. Literature is full of well-intentioned, carefully executed studies and data in the attempt to find the answers we seek. Some are better than others. Ultimately, the problem is not in answering the question before you but in asking, "Is this the right question?"
When we are trying to discern how the joint and occlusion are affected the right question might be how did they get there to begin with. Our better questions might be related to how the body grows, adapts and balances the daily environment. If we have a solid understanding down to the cellular and molecular level of how the body grows and adapts then our predictive skills would necessarily improve to the benefit of our patients that we serve. 
It is in this light I have suggested to others to look into the Craniofacial growth and development arena and for those inclined to see what molecular genetics and biology have to offer. I have my insights and my hope was to get other individuals with their perspectives to share their insights to gain a more complete picture. 
I have nothing to sell, no point to prove, no classes to promote. I just want to hear others thoughts and insights. 
I do not have to be right. When I hear something new that shows me that I was wrong or uniformed, it is a cause for celebration as I just got better and have another piece of the vast puzzle. 
I like everyone else have to fight the self-protective instinct to defend myself from perceived insults/rudeness. I will strive to be much better in this area because I do not want to detract from the outstanding purpose of this group. Tom, with your humor and Mickey, with your class are an inspiration to me of how to share and learn together. I am also fond of Jeff's approach with a fine red wine but sadly that only works with face to face encounters. 
One last little rant about the status quo. A dental school professor once shared with me that 50% of what I was taught in dental school was wrong. They just didn't know which was which. Just because it has been done in the past doesn't mean it is right. It means we are familiar with it and are accustomed to the quirks and shortcomings of the process. Much like a long term marriage. (attempt at humor) Unlike a marriage we should always be looking to upgrade the status quo because of these quirks and shortcomings. 
Time to shut down the rant. Keep sharing and supporting each other so we can continue to grow as we ask the right questions. 
Scott

Sent from my iPhone

On Mar 27, 2015, at 3:36 AM, 'James Metz' via CORE Dentistry Discussion <core-dentistry-discussion@googlegroups.com> wrote:

Dear Dr. Singh,

We all have groups of friends and like-thinking people to which we are attracted.  

My grandmother always said, "A mother crow, thinks her own crow is the blackest."   When you are in your comfort group…they think your crow is the blackest too.  It is natural and comfortable for us to do this throughout our lives.

However, when you venture outside this group….people do not think the same, and your black crow is not so black anymore.

The fact is you may really be onto something….or not….who knows.  Your literature does not support your claims, the numbers treated are too low and the methods are questionable.  

Another fact is that other areas of orthodontics have been much more rigorously studied and published in top-tier journals.

I think today anything can be published and with increased numbers of publications, editors are scrambling to fill pages.  It is true for all journals that erroneous, biased, and self-serving data is published.  It has happened to the New England Journal of Medicine.  However, top-tier journals by and large publish good data, that has been peer reviewed at the highest level.  I would not put Sleep in this top-tier.  The purpose of Sleep is to acquaint interested people of new ideas.  It is an important publication but not one that is going to influence medicine as a whole.
 
I heard Guilleminault speak for two hours last month.  He has made contributions to sleep when it was an infant.  He is a smart, kind, gentle, and articulate man.  I liked him.  However, he no longer speaks to the real world of science.  He has decided to become a visionary.  During the last stages of life, after you have worked long and hard, I guess that is your legacy….point people in the direction of the truth, as you see it.  After I returned to Columbus, we spent a lot of time pulling references on what he said.  I even recorded his talk to make sure I got it right…..and make no mistake he is not talking science at this point in his life.  When you choose to go a direction without good science, people are allowed to throw stones….that is our job….we cannot sit and do nothing when unproven data is being touted as fact.  Our profession deserves more diligence than to sit idly as a bystander.

By the way too….your joke about Mickey was not well taken by me.  Who do you think you are making fun?  Mickey is one of the most brilliant minds I have ever encountered.  He was far nicer to you than I would have been.

We each choose to believe what we want to believe…that is the "practice" of dentistry. 

I posted the "5 Rs" yesterday from a 1953 paper….the last one is the killer of many ideas….Responsibility to our patients.  Your data does not match my standard for responsibility.  Maybe someday it will…but certainly not at this point. 

You have taught me something….and I appreciate your effort.  We have all listened to you promote your idea.  Now it is time for you to listen.

Jim


James E. Metz, DDS
1271 E. Broad St.
Columbus, Ohio   43205
614-252-4444
ColumbusDentistry.com

The Metz Center
"We did not come this far,
to just come this far!"

Courses:
April 10 and 11, 2015
Focus, "The Brain" with Ronald M. Harper, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
 
October  23 and 24, 2015
Focus, "Insomnia" with 
Barry Krakow, MD, Medical Director Maimonides Sleep Arts & Sciences, Ltd. 
and Sleep & Human Health Institute



On Mar 26, 2015, at 9:59 PM, info@biomodelings.com wrote:

Jim:

I think there's 2-3 parts to the point you're rolling into one.  

1. Predictability.  Dr Bockow shows some excellent cases.  We all recognize and applaud the results she kindly shared.  But, Dr Bockow is an 'outlier' (I say that it a kind way, not detrimentally).  What I mean is, she has double Board Certification in Both Orthodontics and Periodontics.  Could her clinical acumen, as illustrated by the cases she has graciously posted, be a result of her extensive training, which likely lasted an additional 3-6 years above and beyond the training of 'regular dentists' (if I may use that term in a non-judgemental way).   

2. Known outcome.  Dr Bockow shows some excellent cases, but there are many similar cases using techniques that we (and others) have published over the years - but - we also showed improved upper airway morphology in adults.  For example, in a study on 99 adult cases, treated by the same orthodontist, using a technique that we presented in 2010 (World Federation of Orthodontists, Australia) on average an approx. 25% increase in upper airway morphology was found (similar to another study that we published in children in 2007).  But, despite the inference that the techniques that we studied might improve OSA, there were no sleep data available at that time.

3. HST. You are now suggesting that you hope to test for sleep quality, using HST/PSG etc.  That's what we did in 2011, including pre- and post-treatment 3D CBCT imaging, and were the first to report apparent resolution of moderate sleep apnea with no appliance in the mouth when the post-treatment study was done.  This approach has been repeated since then, by different dentists (not orthodontists) and our preliminary results appear to show resolution of OSA in mild/moderate and even severe cases with no appliance in the mouth when the post-treatment studies are done.  Of course, we still have a lot of work to do - but when I presented our current findings at the World Association of Sleep Medicine this past week, there was a certain degree of interest, because in response to the work of Guilleminault and others, which points to the fact that OSA is, in part, a craniofacial issue, we are advocating craniofacial correction.


Dr Dave Singh DDSc PhD DMD
BioModeling Solutions, Inc.go
17933 NW Evergreen Parkway
Suite 280
Beaverton, OR 97006
Tel: (971) 302-2234
Fax: (866) 201-3869
https://dnaappliance.com

IMPORTANT: This electronic message (including all attachments) is covered by the Electronic Communications Privacy Act 18, and is confidential and legally privileged.




On Thu, 26 Mar 2015 05:39:31 -0400, 'James Metz' via CORE Dentistry Discussion <core-dentistry-discussion@googlegroups.com> wrote:
Rebecca,
 
Beautiful cases!  
 
Thank you for putting the group together.  What I like is the predictability and known outcome.  
 
Are you doing before and after testing with high resolution pulse oximetry or HST?  
 
I am plan to help the Wilckos and others document their cases for airway improvement beyond CBCT (which I think is highly variable, depending on how it is conducted).  Utilization of known parameters and linear cases must be the standard for measurement of success. 
 
If I can assist you in any way, please let me know.  We have developed a standardized form for recording data.
 
Jim

James E. Metz, DDS
1271 E. Broad St.
Columbus, Ohio   43205
614-252-4444
ColumbusDentistry.com
 
The Metz Center
"We did not come this far,
to just come this far!"

Courses:
April 10 and 11, 2015
Focus, "The Brain" with Ronald M. Harper, Ph.D.
Distinguished Professor of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
 
October  23 and 24, 2015
Focus, "Insomnia" with 
Barry Krakow, MD, Medical Director Maimonides Sleep Arts & Sciences, Ltd. 
and Sleep & Human Health Institute



On Mar 25, 2015, at 11:29 PM, Rebecca Bockow <rbockow@gmail.com> wrote:

a few cases....

On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 3:58 PM, Rebecca Bockow <rbockow@gmail.com> wrote:
I will try to put some cases together for the group - thanks for the interest!

I have one working out very well on an 18 year old female. I have
colleagues expanding men into their 20s with success. They are most
predictable on late teenagers, especially girls. I have a great
success case with one of my residents on a 17 year old boy who would
have otherwise needed a SARPE. We went through two separate TAD
expanders. The patients will often report a little bit of pain, then
they will hear or feel a "pop." after this, expansion is no problem.
When it is clinically appropriate and necessary, we take pre and post
CBCTs to evaluate sutural opening.
"Failure" includes failing tads or the patient will turn the expander
but the acrylic simply becomes embedded in the tissue, the patient is
in pain and no sutural changes are observed.
There are some great cases in the literature and a few articles I can
try to upload later as well - I have to run and see some patients!
-Rebecca

On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 3:31 PM, Scott Neish <f1ford50@gmail.com> wrote:
Rebecca,
What is the age range you are able to treat? I would also appreciate seeing
some of your results in the pursuit of what is possible for our patients.
Thanks,
Scott

On Mar 25, 2015, at 2:22 PM, curtringhofer@gmail.com wrote:

Rebecca,
That is interesting stuff.  Always looking for treatment options.  I would
love to read a few of those studies if possible.

Thanks,
Curt

On Wednesday, March 25, 2015 at 1:22:20 PM UTC-5, Rebecca Bockow wrote:

We are all working towards the same thing - the best care for our
patients and a three dimensional understanding of airway issues.
I hope we continue to share our best practices and learn from one
another. We each have our own areas of clinical expertise and I hope
we can continue to share our successes and failures to learn from one
another.
I am an orthodontist with a particular interest in the transverse
dimension. Maxillary transverse discrepancies often pattern with
airway restriction, so it is helpful for all of us to be familiar with
various methods of maxillary expansion.

Maxillary expansion and maxillary growth and development is dependent
on an incredible orchestration of sutural growth and maturation of
skeletal growth centers.
During rapid (skeletal) maxillary expansion, an expander is acting not
only on the maxillary palatal suture, but also on the nasomaxillary,
frontomaxillary, zygomaticotemporal, internasal, frontozygomatic,
external walls of the orbit, and others.
We know this data - it has been shown repeatedly in CT studies and in
finite element analyses. We know that the palatal suture opens the
most, and the other sutures are under strain and can - in skeletally
immature individuals - open using a rapid maxillary expander.
We also know that there is a great deal of dental tipping with some of
these appliances, and appliance design is critical to avoid things
like dental tipping, alveolar bone bending (which is not stable long
term), and creating dehisences, fenestrations, and gingival recession.
We also know that the maxilla can come forward and or down and forward
following RME and this is seen both with RME and surgical RME.
Many additionally advocate maxillary protraction in combination with
maxillary expansion to protract the maxilla. As has been mentioned in
this list serv, there is no "pre maxilla" and in order to get the
maxilla to come forward, one must use some sort of maxillary
protraction - usually in the form of a reverse pull headgear.

In skeletally mature patients, we can use bone anchored expanders with
much success. This allows us to expand at the bony level without
seeing the adverse side effects of dental tipping.
The sutures in many individuals do not "fuse," but rather
interdigitate. If we expand slowly at the sutural level and we do not
involve the teeth, we believe that the sutural bone can remodel,
stretch, and open.
If you would like to see any of the CT studies, etc, please let me
know and I would be happy to share them.
-Rebecca

Rebecca Bockow, DDS, MS
Board Certified Orthodontist and Periodontist


On Wed, Mar 25, 2015 at 8:00 AM, Scott Neish <f1fo...@gmail.com> wrote:
Jeff,
I agree with the flow part for both the discussion group and avoidance
of
wet shoes.
Some points of clarification with huge effort to not be self-serving.
BTW, I
have no financial interest whatsoever in the DNA appliance. I open my
office
up to dentists learning the clinical aspects of managing the treatment
at my
expense. Not financially wise but it serves the patients so that works.
The
DNA appliance is not the same as "orthotropic" appliances. The mechanism
of
action is altering the sutural homeostasis by mechanical signal
transduction. Those are molecular biology and genetics terms but that is
the
explanation of what is going on. Dave Singh is far better qualified to
explain what all this means and I am grateful that he is available to
answer
your questions rather than having me mess it up. Just keep an open mind
as
Tom points out and you will be able to determine for yourself if any of
this
new information helps you treat your patients more effectively. He has
the
cases to show and now that he is in the discussion group they should be
forthcoming.
My statement about "tearing" the palatal suture is accurate. The
dictionary
defines "tear" as pulling apart by force. Yep. That is what we are
doing.
And then we allow the joint to form a fibroelastic union between the
bones
that in no way resembles the original histology. Orthopedic surgeons do
this
all the time with other joints as a treatment modality. My surgeon tore
my
acromium-clavicular joint apart and removed the epiphysis to allow it to
heal with a fibroelastic connection to correct the inflammatory pain. I
will
gladly bring at least 2 or 3 bottles of fine wine to enjoy with you
while
you explain the "biased and self-serving" portion of your comment. I
want to
be better at sharing information without pissing people off and I would
appreciate constructive input to that end.
The status quo has validity because this is the way we always done it.
But
what if the way we always done it is getting inconsistent and variable
outcomes. I think it is valid to question someone on why they do what
they
do, not because I am condemning the but because I want to understand
what
they are trying to accomplish. I will work on modifying the tone of my
comments so as to not appear too aggressive or bold.
Now its time for me to check and dry off my shoes,
Scott

On Mar 25, 2015, at 6:23 AM, 'Jeff Rouse' via CORE Dentistry Discussion
<core-dentist...@googlegroups.com> wrote:

Scott et al...
I think that we have lost focus. Some of you guys are getting a little
old
for a pissing contest. You have to wait for flow and even then you end
up
pissing on your foot!!! I've discussed this with Jim. His loafers are
wet
today. Move on.

With that said, I have been pushing the orthotropic group to show me
cases.
I have been promised for a VERY long time that the cases are coming. Jim
was
correct that hyperbole is not science. Honestly, I'll even take bad
science
at this point. All I currently are pictures of cases with cephs/cbct of
airways, descriptions of the magic of the appliances available, and
promises
of change from people using them. Are they healthier? Statements like
"palatal expander if you want to tear the suture open and use the DNA
appliance if you want to signal craniofacial growth" is simply biased
and
self-serving. I love the concepts that you are proposing. Don't make
bold
statements condemning the status quo until you have some proof. Can I
see
the new data now...

Jeff Rouse


-----Original Message-----
From: Scott Neish <f1fo...@gmail.com>
To: core-dentistry-discussion <core-dentist...@googlegroups.com>
Sent: Mon, Mar 23, 2015 11:10 pm
Subject: Re: [CORE-Discussion] DNA Appliance

Use a palatal expander if you want to tear the suture open and use the
DNA
appliance if you want to signal craniofacial growth and development.
Either
will work. Just depends on what you have been taught so far and what we
have
yet to learn.
Scott

On Mar 23, 2015, at 7:49 PM, Rebecca Bockow < rbo...@gmail.com> wrote:

If the suture is opened, why not use a palatal expander on kids?

Rebecca Bockow, DDS, MS
Board Certified Orthodontist and Periodontist
www.SeattleSmileDesigns.com


On Mar 23, 2015, at 6:57 PM, Mark Paschen < drmark...@gmail.com> wrote:

One other quick question for the bloggers . . .
    I recently conducted a sleep course in Chicago and was talking
about
treating childhood sleep breathing disorders.  One of the attendees said
that the DNA appliance has been FDA approved for treating childhood
sleep
breathing disorders. Have any of you heard anything about this?  Thanks.
Paschen

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Re: USA Africa Dialogue Series - NATIONAL BROADCAST BY PRESIDENT JONATHAN ON THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS (+ Archives)

Comments (0) |

It's a good speech by President Jonathan as we go to the polls, even if this part:

"...as President, Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces, I am under oath to protect the lives of all Nigerians and the security of our country at all times. I will never abdicate my responsibilities in that regard."

made me wince when I think of our missing Chibok girls.

On Fri, Mar 27, 2015 at 9:06 AM, Mobolaji Aluko <alukome@gmail.com> wrote:

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________


NATIONAL BROADCAST BY PRESIDENT GOODLUCK EBELE JONATHAN, GCFR ON THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS, FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 2015

 

 

Dear Compatriots,

1.            As we prepare to go to the polls tomorrow, I have come before you this morning to express my immense appreciation for the opportunity you gave me to lead this great nation of ours in the past four years.

2.           I also wish to place on record, once again, my sincere gratitude for the support you have given my administration without which the significant progress we have made in recent years would not have been possible.

3.           In spite of the many challenges we have had to contend with since 1999, our present democratic dispensation continues to endure and grow stronger in keeping with the yearnings and aspirations of our people.

4.           We have all worked very hard to nurture and strengthen our democratic institutions and promote the good governance practices which they were designed to deliver for the better well-being of  our people.

5.           I believe I can say without fear of contradiction that we all clearly cherish the democracy we now have and will never willingly give it up for any other form of governance.

6.           This much-cherished democracy of ours is about to be put to the test once again.

7.           I urge you all to troop out en-masse to peacefully perform your civic duty of voting for leaders of your choice tomorrow.

8.          As we do so, let us all - political party leaders, contestants, party members, party agents, supporters and ordinary voters alike, be very conscious of the fact that the eyes of the entire world are on us

9.           We must therefore comport ourselves in a manner that will further strengthen our democracy and consolidate our place in the comity of truly democratic nations.

10.       I made a commitment on assumption of office to progressively deliver freer, fairer and more credible elections in our country. In keeping with that commitment, the Federal Government has given the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) all necessary support to ensure that it conducts very successful elections tomorrow and on April 11.

11.        We have all been assured that INEC is fully ready for the elections. I believe that we can all trust that they are certainly more ready now than they may have been before security issues and other concerns necessitated a re-scheduling of the dates for the 2015 general elections.

12.       As an administration, we welcome the fact that millions of Nigerians who were yet to receive their Permanent Voters Cards (PVCs) as at February 14, and would therefore have been unfairly disenfranchised if the polls had gone ahead  on that date, have seized the opportunity of the re-scheduling to collect their cards and can now exercise their right to vote tomorrow.

13.       We are also glad that our gallant Armed Forces have successfully stemmed the seizure of Nigerian territories in the North-East by the terrorist group, Boko Haram.

14.       They have recaptured most of the communities and territories formerly occupied by the insurgents, making it possible for thousands of internally-displaced Nigerians to begin returning to their homes and communities.

15.       I heartily commend the very courageous men and women of our Armed Forces for the immense sacrifices which they continue to make in defending the nation and protecting its citizens.

16.       I also thank all Nigerians for keeping faith with us over the past six weeks.

17.       I call on all political parties and politicians in the country to allow the free, unfettered will of our people to be expressed without any hindrance in the coming elections in keeping with the hallowed principles and tenets of democratic governance which we all profess.

18.      The will of the people freely expressed through the ballot is the bedrock of all democracies and ours cannot be an exception.

19.       Let us all therefore be prepared, as true democrats, to graciously accept the outcome of the elections as the rightful choice of our people from whom all political powers in our democracy must emanate.

20.     My administration has done its utmost best in the past four years to deliver on our promise to positively transform our country.

21.       Tomorrow's election is another very important milestone as we continue our march towards the fulfillment of our God-given potential for greatness.

22.      The election offers us another opportunity to empower leaders of our choice once again, and to show the world that genuine democracy is alive and well in our beloved nation.

23.      I will like to restate my belief that no political ambition can justify violence or the shedding of the blood of our people.

24.      I reaffirm once again, my personal preparedness to ensure fair play during the elections and to deploy the resources and institutions of state only in the manner prescribed by our laws.

25.      Let me warn, however, that as President, Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces, I am under oath to protect the lives of all Nigerians and the security of our country at all times. I will never abdicate my responsibilities in that regard.

26.      Democracy allows dissent. It encourages differences and even fervent disagreements. But elections must never be mistaken for war or an opportunity to set fellow citizens against each other and tear our beloved nation apart.

27.       Those who may harbor any intentions of testing our will by unleashing violence during the elections in order to advance their political ambitions should think again as all necessary measures have been put in place to ensure that any persons who breach the peace or cause public disorder during or after the elections are speedily apprehended and summarily dealt with according to our laws.

28.     The nation's security agencies are also fully prepared and ready to deal decisively with any group or persons who attempt to disrupt the peaceful conduct of the elections or cause any form of public disorder.

29.       Our dear country, Nigeria is the largest democracy amongst black nations of the world. We are a nation of great accomplishments, with a proud history of evolving affinities.

30.     Let us go out tomorrow to vote peacefully and set a fitting example of political maturity for other emerging democracies to follow.

31.       I wish you all and our dear nation, very peaceful and successful elections.

32.      May God Almighty continue to bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

33.      I thank you all.

___________________________________________________ 




FROM THE ARCHIVES:  By President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan on The 2011 General Elections


April 7, 2011


Speech on The 2011 General Elections

By President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan

My Dear Compatriots,

I address you today on the rescheduled 2011 General Elections which are now to commence across Nigeria on Saturday April, 9, 2011.

2.By the schedule originally announced by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), the elections into the Senate and House of Representatives ought to have taken place last week Saturday – April 2nd, 2011.     

3.The Chairman of INEC has informed the nation that the non-delivery of critical election materials in large parts of the country, compelled the Commission to postpone the exercise.     

4.The Commission, in consultation with all key political stakeholders, has now announced a revised timetable for all the elections, which will see the process commence on Saturday, 9th April 2011, with the National Assembly elections.     

5.Dear compatriots, I deeply share with all Nigerians the understandable feeling of disappointment and frustration that was caused by the postponement. Across the country, there was clear evidence of an overwhelming spirit of patriotism that saw our countrymen and women troop out in large numbers to participate in the electoral process. Our people exhibited phenomenal fortitude and understanding, as many of you travelled long distances at great personal cost, and waited patiently to perform your civic responsibility.     

6.This was a clear demonstration of your abiding faith in the electoral process.     

7.Fellow Nigerians, my appeal to you this morning, is to sustain that patriotic zeal that you so visibly displayed last Saturday. I call on you all to come out again, en masse on Saturday and on all subsequent election days, to cast your vote.     

8.The Chairman of INEC has again assured the nation that the Commission is fully ready to deliver credible polls to Nigerians.     

9.Let me reiterate that the Federal Government is fully committed to the independence of INEC and to the conduct of free and fair elections in the country. Government will continue to support the Commission and provide all it requires to carry out its mandate.     
10.The security agencies have been directed to provide optimal security for the entire process. They are to ensure the security of all voters, polling agents and INEC officials, and the maintenance of law and order. I therefore appeal to all Nigerians, to cooperate with the security agencies to achieve peaceful elections throughout the country.     

11.I seize this opportunity, once more, to urge all political stakeholders to continue to be faithful to the tenets of fair play and healthy competition. At this critical stage in our national development, we cannot afford to engage in acts that can fan the embers of violence and discord.  Let me assure you that Government remains committed to ensuring the safety of the lives and property of all Nigerians across the country.     

12.Nigeria is bigger than anyone of us. No one's political ambition is worth the blood of any Nigerian.     

13.Let me also take this opportunity to thank all our friends around the world for the continued show of support and goodwill.     

14.Fellow Nigerians, the 2011 General Elections represent an important milestone in our nation's march to greatness. Our collective posterity beckons on us all to stand up and be counted. Participating in the electoral process is your way of demonstrating your faith in the future of our country; a future founded on the promise of democracy, unity and progress.  

15.I urge us all to continue to pray for the nation, and for peaceful and orderly elections. 

May God bless you all.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________



  Nigerianmuse.com

April 18, 2011

MAP 1: NIGERIA'S  2011 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION (APRIL 16) RESULTS  BY GEOPOLITICAL ZONES




___________________________________________________________________________________________________


 Presidential candidates  deliver final messages  

2015-03-26 22:03
A picture shows presidential campaign posters of Nigerian President and candidate to his re-election for the ruling People's Democratic Party (PDP) Goodluck Jonathan and leading opposition All Progressive Congress (APC) presidential candidate Mohamma ~ PIUS UTOMI EKPEI

Abuja - Campaigning wound to a close in Nigeria's presidential elections on Thursday, with the two leading candidates delivering their final messages to supporters before the crunch vote.hey p challenge from former military ruler Muhammadu Buhari.

Land and sea borders were shut at midnight on Wednesday (2300 GMT) as part of stringent security measures that also include an eight-hour restriction on movement when polling stations are open.

Nigeria has a history of election-related unrest and both candidates appeared keen to prevent a repeat of 2011, when 1,000 people were killed in clashes after the results were announced.

This time round, fears of Boko Haram suicide attacks and bombings at vulnerable targets, including polling stations, have seen unprecedented calls for vigilance from the security services.

'Peace deal'

Jonathan and Buhari signed a pledge of non-violence in January and on Thursday repeated their commitment to peaceful elections, with the campaign due to formally end at midnight.

"Now that the campaigns have come to an end, we meet to renew our pledge for peaceful elections," read a document signed by the two men at a hotel in Abuja and made available to reporters.

"We therefore call on all fellow citizens of our dear country and our party supporters to refrain from violence or any acts that may in any way jeopardise our collective vision of a free, fair and credible election."

The country is almost evenly split between a Muslim-majority north and largely Christian south, with Buhari and Jonathan traditionally pulling support from their respective regions.

Acceptance of the result is seen as key to preventing violence and the Independent National Electoral Commission said it had been working with the parties to tone down often violent rhetoric.

"All this will add up when the elections are through and the results are announced and we see that they conduct themselves in accordance with the pledges and promises that have been made," INEC spokesman Kayode Idowu told AFP.

Final messages

Jonathan published a "thank you" message to Nigerians on the front page of many national newspapers, with a 40-page colour pull-out detailing his claimed achievements.

But the president recognised the challenge from Buhari and his All Progressives Congress (APC) which could see his ruling party defeated for the first time since the end of military rule in 1999.

"Right now there are only a few more hours to the election. I cannot recall an election more important than this in the history of our nation and I need your support," the 57-year-old wrote.

"I need you to vote for me in this election, not just because of me, but so that we consolidate on the progress we have made."

Jonathan is campaigning for continuity and has vowed to complete the work he has started in his first four years in office.

Buhari, 72, who headed a military government in the 1980s and describes himself as a "converted democrat", has for his part pushed an agenda of "change".

He criticised "insecurity, broken infrastructure and growing inequality", vowing action against Boko Haram and corruption, which he said had made Nigeria "a laughing stock of the world".

"Rebuilding the army and other security agencies will... be a top priority of my government. I will ensure that never again will terrorists find a safe haven in Nigeria," he added.

He said he would also reunite the more than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped by the group in April last year with their families.

INEC on track

The electoral commission charged with organising the election in Africa's most populous nation meanwhile said it was on track for a smooth operation.

Some 68.8 million voters out of a total population of some 173 million are registered to vote in Nigeria, which is also Africa's leading economy and top oil producer.

Ballot papers and election materials, including for the first time handheld readers to scan biometric voter identity cards, had been sent to the country's 36 states and capital territory.

"Everything is in place," said INEC's Idowu.

INEC has come under scrutiny for its preparedness, even after the initial February 14 vote was postponed because of military operations against Boko Haram in the northeast.

Jonathan's PDP voiced concern about the distribution of voter cards and the card-reading technology.

But Idowu said the election "will be as flawless as humanly possible" and that results would be announced within 48 hours of polls closing on Saturday.


_________________________________________________________________________________________________

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